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Prensa Internacional

LE MONDE también Valora la 'Tregua'

Por Sin Pancarta - 16 de Junio, 2006, 5:10, Categoría: Prensa Internacional

Concluimos el repaso de la prensa del día 19 con un editorial del parisino LE MONDE cuando todavía este rotativo no incluía a PRISA en su accionariado. Puede sorprender, máxime si tenemos en cuenta la habitual posición francesa, comprobar el apoyo que este editorial brinda a la negociación. EL último párrafo refiriéndose a Aznar y el ‘proceso’ sentencia: “Sus compatriotas y homólogos europeos no entenderían que rehusara esta oportunidad”. Tampoco la sorpresa debe ser mayúscula si el propio Clinton había ‘saludado’ la declaración etarra.

¿Esperanza en el País Vasco? (Editorial de LE MONDE)

   

¿Le chef du gouvernement espagnol Jose Maria Aznar suivra-t-il les traces du premier ministre britannique Tony Blair? Le Pays basque n'est pas entièrement comparable à l'Irlande du Nord. Toutefois, dans ces deux provinces de pays européens démocratiques, des mouvements indépendantistes ont choisi le terrorisme pour tenter de faire aboutir leurs revendications.

Au Pays basque comme en Ulster, depuis une trentaine d'années, des milliers de personnes sont tombées, tuées ou blessées, victimes d'une violence aveugle et injustifiable sous prétexte de lutte armée contre un Etat central qualifié de colonisateur et d'oppresseur. La répression, avec des moyens qui n'ont pas toujours été, en Irlande du Nord comme en Espagne, à l'honneur de pays démocratiques, n'est pas venu à bout du terrorisme. En partie parce que les indépendantistes extrémistes, ETA ici, IRA là, ont trouvé dans certains milieux de leur province un soutien spontané ou forcé.

Mais la grande majorité de la population ne supporte plus les attentats. En 1997, l'assassinat d'un jeune conseiller municipal du Pays basque a provoqué une réaction dans l'ensemble de l'Espagne qui a montré l'isolement complet de l'ETA. Tous les nationalistes depuis les modérés du Parti nationaliste basque jusqu'à Herri Batasuna, la façade «légale» de l'ETA se sont prononcés récemment pour un dialogue politique. Mais le conservateur Jose Maria Aznar, dans la continuité de la ligne défendue par son prédécesseur socialiste Felipe Gonzalez, exigeait en préalable que l'ETA s'engage à mettre un terme à la violence.

¿La «trêve unilatérale et illimitée» annoncée, jeudi 17 septembre, par l'organisation basque répond-elle à cette condition? La première réaction des autorités, qui ont immédiatement conféré avec l'opposition socialiste, a été très prudente. Le président du gouvernement n'en a pas moins interrompu une visite officielle au Pérou pour rentrer rapidement dans son pays. Comme le dit le chef de la Catalogne, Jordi Pujol, «même s'il y a des doutes, cette proposition est comme un train de l'espérance qui passe. Il faut monter dedans, de crainte qu'il ne repasse pas».

En Irlande du Nord, Tony Blair a pris des risques politiques pour commencer des négociations avec les nationalistes catholiques après que l'IRA eut accepté de déposer les armes. Les attentats ne se sont pas arrêtés du jour au lendemain mais un processus électoral a été lancé, des institutions ont été créées qui doivent permettre la coexistence des républicains et des unionistes.

Le président du gouvernement espagnol a lui aussi l'occasion de montrer qu'il est un homme d'Etat. Même sans illusion sur les obstacles qui l'attendent, sur les revers qu'il essuiera, il a la possibilité d'explorer la voie du dialogue pour en finir avec un face-à-face meurtrier qui a ébranlé dans ses fondements la jeune démocratie espagnole. Ses compatriotes et ses partenaires européens ne comprendraient pas qu'il refuse cette chance.

   

Editorial publicado en LE MONDE el 19 de septiembre de 1998. Por su interés informativo reproducimos íntegramente su contenido.

La 'Tregua' Valorada por THE WALL STREET JOURNAL

Por Sin Pancarta - 14 de Junio, 2006, 6:06, Categoría: Prensa Internacional

Aunque el fenómeno etarra era un perfecto desconocido para la prensa americana (no hablemos de sus ciudadanos) el Journal seguía siendo la habitual excepción y publicaba este excelente editorial en su edición europea. No se fiaba lo más mínimo de la banda criminal y la descripción de Herri Batasuna no se leía con tanta claridad ni en España. Por cierto, escribo de memoria pero creo recordar que esta ‘tregua’ no ha encontrado opinión en el diario más influyente del mundo.

Peace in the Basque Country? (Editorial de THE WALL STREET JOURNAL)

   

The Basque Country of Spain and Northern Ireland have always drawn comparisons. In both regions, a small minority has carried out atrocities in the name of a struggle for "independence" that has failed to garner majority support. When their campaigns of terror have become so repugnant as to touch off waves of popular indignation, guerrillas in both suffering lands have sometimes resorted to "peace offensives." Regrettably, they have in the past turned back to killing, either because peace will not achieve their desired results or because their soldiers are too addicted to being "revolutionaries."

This experience should be borne in mind when terrorists offer a truce. In Northern Ireland's case, the IRA's cease-fire was part of complex peace negotiations that have brought the first real hope of normalcy. Though it remains to be seen whether the commitment to the peaceful resolution of that conflict can be sustained (indeed, some of the most vicious sectarian violence has occurred since that process got underway). The Basque terrorists followed their Irish brethren this week in declaring a cease-fire starting from today. While there's reason to welcome that move, it must also be viewed with a measure of skepticism.

The Madrid government knows this better than anyone, and has rightly cautioned prudence. "Time will be the judge of the sincerity, authenticity, the depth of this decision… ETA's very record proves that skepticism is necessary," said Interior Minister Jaime Mayor Oreja, the man who oversees the police forces who are in the first line of fire. After 30 years of violence - 23 of them since the death of dictator Francisco Franco - and almost 800 people dead, this guarded response is warranted.

Indeed, ETA's move appears to be more a temporary change of tactics than a shift away from violence. On Saturday, 23 mostly Spanish, but also French, political parties, unions and other groups in the mountainous region that straddles the Franco-Spanish border had signed a declaration calling for a permanent end to the violence and for peace talks. The meeting in the town of Lizarra was clearly inspired by the Northern Irish process, and was even dubbed the "Irish Forum." But the declaration's framers did not get quite what they had asked for ETA did not reject violence and the cease-fire is not permanent; the terrorist group said it would resume its bloody campaign in case of a "confrontation" with the Spanish government.

The cease-fire comes moreover on the eve of the Oct. 25 regional elections, a campaign that ETA's political wing, Herri Batasuna, is fighting on unsure legal footing because the central government is considering outlawing the party. The party has renamed itself Euskal Herritarrok, or Basque People Party, both to ward off being outlawed and as an attempt at a new look. The name changes little; the party has never condemned an ETA atrocity. The cease-fire, many Spaniards fear, is nothing more than campaign help for HB.

Madrid knows of course that the ETA move puts the government in a quandary. Embrace the ETA cease-fire and the declaration's call for peace talks, and the terrorist group will try to exact unacceptable concessions, leading all the way to independence; reject it off-hand, however, and the government could be criticized for refusing a chance at peace.

But as it considers its options, the Spanish government of Jose Maria Aznar would do well to avoid concessions that will come back to haunt it. For example, Mr. Aznar might wish to steer clear of emulating the decision of Tony Blair's British government, which agreed to the release of so-called "political" prisoners, a move which could lead to a strengthened terrorist network stretching across a borderless Europe. Sinn Fein's Gerry Adams rushed to offer his advice yesterday, telling the Spanish government "Don't prevaricate." ETA heavyweights no doubt appreciated the boost. But Spanish leaders in the past have followed a perfectly good rule: There's nothing here to negotiate.

  

Editorial publicado por THE WALL STREET JOURNAL el 18 de septiembre de 1998. Por su interés informativo reproducimos íntegramente su contenido.

La 'Tregua' en la Prensa Estadounidense

Por Sin Pancarta - 13 de Junio, 2006, 5:00, Categoría: Prensa Internacional

No existía en aquel momento una percepción clara del fenómeno terrorista español en Estados Unidos, tal vez con la excepción del diario de Wall Street. De los tres grandes diarios norteamericanos el Post concede seis líneas dentro de un artículo, el Journal le dedica tres líneas (aunque al día siguiente incluiría un editorial en al edición europea) y el Times mejor no hubiese escrito nada porque para referirse a guerrillas, rebeldes vascos y otras majaderías preferimos el silencio. Fue a partir de la ruptura de esta tregua que implicaría la inclusión de ETA como banda terrorista en la lista del Departamento de Estado y sobre todo con la llegada del George W. Bush a la Casa Blanca cuando esta lamentable situación se modificaría definitivamente.

The Basque separatist group ETA Wednesday night announced an unlimited truce in its armed struggle for independence against the Spanish government in order to "better contribute towards the dialogue" currently taking place, according to a communique sent to the Euskadi Informacion daily.

  

Información publicada en la sección World-Wide por THE WALL STREET JOURNAL el 17 de septiembre de 1998. Por su interés informativo reproducimos íntegramente su contenido.

Basque Separatists Announce Cease-Fire

MADRID - After a bloody 30-year fight for an independent homeland in northern Spain, the armed Basque separatist group ETA has announced a cease-fire, a newspaper reported yesterday. ETA's four-page statement announcing the indefinite truce was sent to the radical Basque daily Euskadi Informacion, the state-run news agency EFE reported.

The group set no conditions on the cease-fire, which it said is to begin Friday.

The report comes days after Basque nationalists urged the militant group to renounce bloodshed to help foster a political solution to the conflict, in which 800 people have died.

   

Información publicada en la sección World In Brief por THE WASHINGTON POST el 17 de septiembre de 1998. Por su interés informativo reproducimos íntegramente su contenido.

Basque Rebels Declare an Indefinite Truce

  

The armed Basque separatist group E.T.A., which has fought a 30-year guerrilla war for an independent homeland in northern Spain, declared today a ''total and indefinite'' cease-fire.

E.T.A. announced an end to its attacks in a four-page statement published in the radical Basque daily Euskadi Informacion, the state-run news agency EFE reported. The group set no conditions on the cease-fire, which it said will begin on Friday.

The report comes days after Basque nationalists urged the militant group to renounce bloodshed to help foster a political solution to the conflict, which has cost 800 lives.

Pressure on E.T.A. to declare a unilateral cease-fire had mounted since Saturday, when Basque nationalists and other political groups -- including the E.T.A.-allied political party Herri Batasuna -- issued an appeal for peace talks and a permanent end to the violence.

Their statement was signed by 23 political parties, labor unions and grassroots groups. The forum was boycotted by Spain's two most powerful parties, the governing Popular Party and the opposition Socialists.

The Spanish Government will deliver its response on Thursday, the Interior Ministry said.

E.T.A. declared a truce in 1996, which lasted one week. That cease-fire ended with a series of bomb attacks on tourist resorts when the Government refused to negotiate unless E.T.A. formally repudiated violence.

  

Una información de Associated Press publicada por THE NEW YORK TIMES el 17 de septiembre de 1998. Por su interés informativo reproducimos íntegramente su contenido.